Effects of Ice Flavors and Nicotine on E-Cigarette Product Appeal and Likelihood of Future Use in Adults
Aim 1: To test the hypothesis that there will be a main effect of flavor on appeal and intention to use outcome ratings, such that mean ratings will be greater for ice vs. plain flavor variants.
Aim 2: To test the hypothesis that there will be an interaction between ice flavor status and nicotine concentration, such that the aversive appeal- and intention-reducing qualities of 4% vs. 2% products will be suppressed when combined with ice vs. plain flavor variants.
Secondary aim: To determine whether tobacco product user status (e.g., ever vs. never regular smoker of combustible cigarettes [based on > 100 vs < 100 cigarettes lifetime) moderates the flavor and flavor x nicotine concentration effects hypothesized in Aims 1-2.
Evaluation of Two Tribal MAT Grants
The USC team will also conduct a program evaluation to assess grantee efforts as well as successes and areas for improvement in both the NMAT and TUICDBP grants. Regarding grantee efforts, the USC team seeks to understand strengths, challenges, and key takeaways of grantee approaches to implementing community-defined best practices.
Substance Use Disorder Policy Advocacy Training Program
USC is delivering the Substance Use Disorder (SUD) Policy Advocacy Training Program to address the need for policy advocates focused on SUD issues in California’s American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) communities.
Collaboration Improvement Project
Challenges around collaboration between state/local entities and American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) Tribal nations and Tribal/Urban Indian organizations are common nationwide and span many areas of work. Seeking to learn more about and address some of these challenges, the USC Keck School of Medicine will carry out a project to explore and address some of these challenges as they relate to substance use disorder/opioid use disorder in California.